By: Haley Greene

Prohibition was a time period that lasted nearly 14 years where the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol was made illegal during the 1920's and ended in 1933. It was a time where gangsters and speakeasies ruled and it led to the first time an amendment to the U.S. Constitution was taken back.

The 1920's - Gangsters, Speakeasies and Attempts to take back the 18th Amendment

Prohibition started because of a group of women called The Temperance Movement. They blamed alcohol for crime, murder, and wife and child abuse. Their organizations caused states to prohibit alcohol. On Jaurary 6, 1920 the 18th Amendment was put into place and the making and selling of alcohol was prohibited.

Even though it was illegal, gangsters and citizens alike smuggled beer or made home brews for personal use, or sold them secretly. Farmers grew corn to make whiskey illegally. But, because of the law of prohibition organized crime increased especially in the major cities. More gangsters arose during this period and made speakeasies, secret or underground bars where people could go and drink. Al Capone was the most famous gangster during this time period. Gansters like Capone, Pretty Boy Floyd, Baby Face Nelson, Ma and Fred Barke and Bonnie and Clyde would hire or bribe men to smuggle rum from the rumrunners or highjack whisky from Canada and bring it back to the speakeasies. Gangsters fought over the control of liquor sales and other illegal activities such as prostitution and gambling. John Dilinger's armed robberies earned him the name "Public Enemy Number One".
Al Capone
Baby Face Nelson

John Dillinger - 'Public Enemy Number One'

1929 Stock Market Crash
The stock market crash in 1929, which led to The Great Depression, changed the alcohol protesters minds. The government and people needed jobs and money, so the government and states decided that making alcohol legal again would open up jobs for citizens.

Protestor buttons

1933 - The 21st Amendment
On December 5, 1933, the 21st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was taken back and alcohol, whisky and liquor was again legal. This was the first and only time in history an Amendement was replaced.